Interesting Scoop-Emerald Pina


Elastic Woodscraper II

The article talks about a new skyscraper that will  help with climate change,  social alienation, limited resources and urbanization. It was designed by Weingartner Architects. It is said to promise “sustainability, efficiency and social cohesion.”

This is article relates to Unit 7: Cities and Urban Land Use because it shows a solution that will help with overpopulation and a the issue with limited space. This is a solution to better urbanization. Regular sky scrapers today already help a great deal when it comes to space. However, this skyscraper will address a lot more issues. This relates to Unit 7 because you learn how much impact skyscrapers have on urbanization.


Kiva Persuasion Emerald Pina

I believe that we should donate our money to Aracely Jaqueline from Ecuador. Aracely lives in Rocafuerte, Ecuador. Aracely is a mother of a 20 year old, 16 year old twins, and a 12 year old. Her son goes to a university and the other kids go to school. She is married and her husband is a teacher; however, she does not want to be the person that lets her husband do all the work. So she wants the loan so she could raise chickens and free-range hens. With the loans she has been able to expand and get earning that she uses for her children’s education and her household. She is looking to buy chickens, feed, and medicine. That is why Aracely Jaqueline should recieve the loan.


Hutu/Tutsi Conflict By: Emerald Pina

The Hutu and Tutsi conflict was a terrible ordeal involving the deaths of thousand of men, women, and children. Uncommonly, the conflict between the two ethnic groups does not involve language and religion –which they have in common- but different social status. The conflict can be traced back to the European colonization of Africa. The Hutu and Tutsi people lived in peace until Belgium rule came into place in Rwanda and created tensions between the two ethnic groups. After years of Hutu oppression from the Tutsis, in 1956, war broke out when Hutu rebels began killing and exiling many Tutsis into neighboring countries. However, the Tutsi refugees that fled to Uganda formed an army called the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). In 1959, the Hutus gained control for the first time and in 1962, Belgium gave Rwanda its independence. With continuing fighting between the Hutus and the RPF, a ceasefire was arranged in 1993. Unfortunately, On April 6, 1994, a plane carrying the Hutu Rwandan and Burundi presidents were shot down. This caused uproar in the Hutu society and the killing was blamed on the Tutsis. This event led to the Rwandan Genocide. The 100-day genocide consisted of Hutus killing their own neighbors and family members, this event can also be known as an ethnic cleansing. The UN gave orders to not intervene in the situation, and the UNAMIR was placed in Rwanda to monitor the peace, but instead watched as thousand were killed. Before the RPF were able to take control of the situation, the death toll amounted up to 800,00 – 1 million Tutsis dead. In Burundi, peace was tried but failed, and in 1972, the Tutsis killed about 80,000-200,000 Hutus. Then in 1993, the first government outside of Belgium rule was created, but the president was assassinated. The killing of the president caused another ring of killing of the Hutus by Tutsis in search of revenge.

The Hutus were considered lower to the Tutsis, and were the peasants and the farmers. The Hutus were oppressed in Burundi, but began to become the oppressors in Rwanda. The Hutus were said to arrive in Rwanda before the Tutsis; therefore, they believe they should have equal right and the Tutsis are invading their land. This ethnic group, in 1994, took up 85% of the seven million Rwandan populations. They held majority over the Tutsis.

The Tutsis were considered above to the Hutus, they were seen as most like the Europeans; therefore, superior. The Belgium left the Tutsis in charge of the Hutus to make sure they tend to the coffee plantations. There are no major differences between the Hutus and Tutsis except for the fact that the Tutsis are taller. The Tutsis oppressed the Hutus believing they were insubordinate. This ethnic group was the minority in Rwanda in 1994. The estimated Tutsi population was said to be 14% out of seven million Rwandans.

Today, many Hutus has fled to the neighboring countries of Rwanda such as, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, and Uganda. However, this is spurring conflicts in those countries as well. The Hutu and Tutsi conflict is a terrible and heinous event that is said to be never ending. It is said that the Hutu and Tutsis could never mix; they will forever be enemies. I think that the Rwandan Genocide that took thousand of lives could have been stopped if the UN had decided to intervene. Also, I believe that better ruling of the colonizer Belgium would have prevented mass killings. I don’t always think that the U.S. and any other country should intervene for every international affair, but mass genocides are an exception.

Screen shot 2015-02-15 at 8.37.00 PM Hutu-refugees-at-UN-s-Gom-006 imagesThe most left person is a Tutsi, the middle is a Hutu, and the most right is a Twa. This image shows the height difference, and virtually the only difference between the Tutsi and Hutus.

Norway’s Culture By: Emerald Pina

                       images                                             images-1

Norwegian Christmas Bread                                     Women in Bunad 

images-2                                               images-4

Norwegian Rosemaling                                     Homes with Grass Roofs

Folk Culture Pop Culture
Food* -Norwegian Christmas Bread -smorbrod (sandwhich)

-middag meal: fish served with boiled potatoes and vegetables

Art/Music -Musevisa (The Mouse Song)

-Sami music

-Husfliden (Norwegian Handcrafting)-

-Agnes Buen Garnas and Jan Garbarek

-Hardanger fiddler

-Farao (pop-music artist)

-Norwegian Rosemaling

Clothing -Bunad: worn for celebrations and special occasions (i.e. weddings) -Modern Western-style clothes (business, formal, and casual wear)
Shelter -Houses with grass on top of the roof. -Houses were red, blue, yellow, and white. They had steep slopes, made of wood, and small windows.
Technology -Aerosol Can

-Liquid Fuel Rockets




Beliefs -Trolls and Goblins

– Norse mythology

-Evangelical Luthern

-Roman Catholic Church

PING vs PED by: Emerald Pina

PING: Indonesia

Name of PING Indonesia
Ranking (UN HDI) Current Year (_of 192) 108
Population 249.87 million
Literacy Rate %92.8
Gender: Female Population with at least some secondary education %39.85
Dependency Ratio of Population <15 = %42.17

>65+ = %8.16

Infant Mortality Rate 26 (per 1000 live births)
Life Expectancy at birth 70.83
Rate of Natural Increase %1.4
% of Population Ages

15-49 with HIV/AIDS

Net Migration -0.6 (per 1000 population)
Percent Urban %52.25
GNI (GDP) PPP per capita $9260
Poverty: Percent of Pop living below $2 US per Day %52
%of GDP spent on education %2.77

map_of_indonesia         images images

PED: Norway

Name of PED Norway
Ranking (UN HDI) Current Year (_of 192) 1
Population 5.04 million
Literacy Rate n.a
Gender: Female Population with at least some secondary education %97.36
Dependency Ratio of Population <15 =%28.58                         >65+=%25.17
Infant Mortality Rate 2 (per 1000 live births)
Life Expectancy at birth 81.5
Rate of Natural Increase (CBR-CDR) CBR= 12 (per 1000 total population)

CDR= 8 (per 1000 total population)                                                RNI= .4%

% of Population Ages

15-49 with HIV/AIDS

Net Migration 6 (per 1000 population)
Percent Urban %79.94
GNI (GDP) PPP per capita 62,858.01
Poverty: Percent of Pop living below $2 US per Day $66520
%of GDP spent on education %6.93

images-3      images


Conclusion: Indonesia and Norway have many differences and very few similarities. One difference is there population, Indonesia has 249.87 million and Norway has 5.04 million people. Another difference is their Net Migration, Norway has 6 (per 1000 population) and Indonesia has    -0.6. Also Norway is a whole percent higher in Natural Increase than Indonesia, Norway being %1.4 and Indonesia being .4%. A similarity is both countries have a high female population with at least some secondary education. From the data, you can see that both countries have well educated women. Also that Norway has a higher natural increase and net migration, but has a lot smaller population. 

Emerald Pina- Chapter 9, Transit

My name is Emerald Pina, and I’m a freshmen. I am half Chinese, and half Puerto Rican.  I do not speak a foreign language, and travel very little. I have been to Cancun, Mexico and the states: California, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico. This will be my second year in Texas. I was born in Los, Gatos, California, and have lived their all my life. My dream destination is to travel to Europe and visit France, Italy, and Spain. In the near future, I intend on travelling more, becoming less “geographically illiterate” and seeing the other side of the world. I want to familiarize myself with the different cultures and different ways of life.

Chapter 9, Transit, of the book Mapheads, the chapter is about the road and its admirers, roadgeeks.  Roadgeeks is a term that represents people that are obsessed with the road, which is the case for Mark Bozanich and John Spafford. Ken Jennings takes a drive with these roadgeeks and learns many things. One, roadgeeks first begin as a maphead; they start off with a road atlas, studying it carefully. On the trip, Jennings also realizes that photography plays a big role in the traveling of roadgeeks. Before the Internet, many roadgeeks felt alone in their love of roads and road maps. Now, the Internet is a place where they take picture of their adventures of the road and share them online. In the book, Jennings also learns the necessity of having roadgeeks in our society. For one, they appreciate the things that we take for granted, the U.S. Interstate Highway, which is one of the most amazing and well-though engineering ever imagined. The birth of the highway begins in 1919, when Dwight D. Eisenhower realized how terrible and long the travel is outside the city. Then in 1956, he signed the Interstate Highway System into, becoming the greatest peacetime public works project in history. Jennings, on page 169, makes a point by stating, “Roads are like maps in that we think about them only when they don’t do their job and we wind up lost or stuck or sidelined. If not for roadgeeks, who would appreciate the lowly highway.” Roadgeeks also show their importance to society because they are the only ones that notice the confusing signs and incorrectly numbered shields. People don’t realize how many roadgeeks make our day-to-day travel on the highway easier. Roadgeeks can also fall into the same category as archaeologist. They notice the ruins and ghosts of building and bridges.

Unlike many other countries, America does not enjoy and take pride in the joy of mapmaking. Britain; however, as it states in the book on page 174, “… takes pride in creating scaled-down version of the countryside in exhaustive detail…” Road atlases from America and Britain or Europe, only differ in its heritage. Road atlases and cartography from Britain and Europe dates back to century’s way back when. On the other hand, “America adopted road atlases after adopting the automobile, “ states Jennings on page 175. It wasn’t until the invention of the American highway system that made road atlases a big hit. As a fact in the book, it says on page 176, “Eight million of these gas-station maps were printed between 1913 and 1986…” This new invention became the biggest promotion giveaway of the twentieth century. The road atlas then brought forth the well-known and torturous family road trip. However, with Jim Sinclair’s annual St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, road trips can be experienced straight from your home. With a Rand McNally road atlas and a contest booklet, participants have to make their way from the start to finish line, or halfway line for first-time players. Along the way, manned checkpoints will be put in place, which are question asking what city or landmark you see next or which highway do you take. The number of questions you get wrong determines your score. The lowest score is the winner. Unfortunately, as the years go by, players are dying or becoming too ill to play. The decline of participants is an example of the lack of enjoyment of map reading in today’s generation. In the end of chapter 9, Jennings enters the contest where he gets first place with a score of sixteen, only going to the halfway line, however. Ken Jennings finally comes to the conclusion in the end of chapter 9, stating on page 185, “Roadgeek photography and the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre are just ways to get as close as possible to the atlas… We want to enter them.”

I can connect to Chapter 9, Transit, mainly when the book talks about the St. Valentines Day Massacre contest. The contest seems like a fun, hard and challenging puzzle. I love a good challenge and working with puzzles. Also, I never realized the impact many roadgeeks had on our society. They help us make our day easier and create less stress on our lives by fixing signs that could have potentially cause lots of traffic. Lastly, Chapter 9 gave me a new appreciation for the U. S. Interstate Highway system. It made me feel appreciative of the hard work and money that went into making everyday travel easier. I learned a lot how people with different and abnormal interest affect our lives, and the inventions we take for granted.

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