Scoop It- Sustainable Urban Development


Summary- One city planner in Florida has plants to create the first 100% solar powered city. Also known as the sustainable city, this city will produce a significant amount less of pollution,  have plants everywhere, as well as solar panels as the only form of electricity. The city will contain parks and green areas for social activities.

Insight- This article relates to unit 7 because it shows how new urbanism is being planned for a sustainable future. It also shows the importance of social spaces and green spaces for a healthy living environment.


KIVA – Chris Plummer

A man living in Uganda by the name of Bernard is the person I think we should send a loan to. Bernard is 42 years old and lives with his family including 6 of his children. He lives in a semi-rural area and is a farmer of passion fruit and tomatoes. He is a hard working and honest man. Bernard wants to buy organic fertilizer to increase the quality of his farming yields. This will help him earn more money to support his family as well as gaining a great reputation in his community by providing safe foods for his customers.


Independent Research Project – Chris Plummer

Japanese Internment in US

Chris Plummer

(Asked to do this topic)

  Summary- During WW2, Americans had a dark time in their history. During the 1940’s and after pearl harbor. All US Japanese citizens were considered dangerous. The bombing of pearl harbor cause fear in Americans over the Japanese. The US government decided to act. Under President Roosevelt, 1942, he signed an executive order having all people with Japanese ancestry relocated into internment camps. Over 127,000 people were imprisoned in the camps. Almost two thirds of these people were Nisei, Japanese Americans born in the US. The Japanese saw this as unjust and unfair whereas the Americans saw it necessary because of the pearl harbor invasion and that many people feared the Japanese. In the 10 internment camps, Japanese had the option to work for $5 a day and children were expected to attend school. Many evacuees elected representatives to discuss their grievances to American officials. The food their was far from great and anyone trying to flee would be shot. In 1946 the Japanese were released and the US government tried to compensate for this misunderstanding by paying money to families interned. $20,000 per person.

   The first key factor in this conflict was the Japanese and their bombing on Pearl Harbor. This is what sparked all the fear of Japanese in America. Even though it the Japanese did commit an attack on the US, I do think the US government actions were a bit overboard since the bombers were not US citizens, and you can’t blame the entire body of Japanese US citizens for the attack.

   The second key factor in this conflict is the US government(mostly the president). The government was the deciding factor in the decision to put these Japanese into camps. There are various reasons that the Government may have don’t this. Some may be pressure from the people since they were scared, so they felt obligated to do this, or they may think there was Japanese spy’s so the only way to capture them was to just put all Japanese into internment camps.

   Even though this conflict has already been resolved, a suggestion for peace from me would be to release all the Japanese in the camps and see if any more Japanese related attacks happen and act as necessary. Obviously, not all the Japanese could be bad.




Japanese Internment Poster top



USA Folk vs Pop Culture


Folk Foods- One example of folk food is Gumbo deriving from the Cajun people in Louisiana. They where one of the first to use crawfish, other shellfish, and rice in their meals. Another example of folk food is Amish food. It consists of just home grown foods and crops not processed with many other things.

Pop Foods- One example of american pop culture food is McDonald’s. Founded in 1955 they have thousands of stores all over the US and even world wide. Another example of pop culture food is KFC. Originating from Kentucky there are also thousands of stores across the US. Both of these consist of being fast food restaurants.

Unknown-1  250px-Flag_of_Acadiana.svg Cajun Flag


Folk Art/Music- One example of folk music is Amish music. It is mostly German in origin and consists of hymns derived from Pennsylvanian German Culture. Another type of folk music is bluegrass music. It includes banjo and is from eastern states like Tennessee.

Pop Art/Music- One example of pop music is electronic music. Being fairly new and very popular on many radio stations, electronic music is changing everyday but reaching all corners of the US. Another form of pop music is Rock, consisting of many bands like Green Day and Beatles. These bands aren’t just all over the US radio stations but they are broadcasted all over the world, reaching out farther than the borders of the US even though they started here.


Folk Clothing- An example of folk clothing is wearing of the cowboy hat. It originates from most country states and southern states and is big in rural areas. It is also popular in Texas. Another example of folk clothing is the wearing of long black clothes. It is worn by the Amish in north east states such as Pennsylvania.

Pop Clothing- One pop culture clothing in the US is skinny jeans. It is worn by many people, mostly teenagers throughout the Unites States. Another clothing example for pop culture clothing is the wearing of Nike Elite socks. These socks go past your ankle and to the bottom of your calve in all different designs. Even though they were made for basketball, many kids wear them because they are popular in style and are “cool”.


Folk Shelter- One example of a folk shelter is Modest Cottages. These originated from the Cajun in Louisiana. Another example of folk shelter is the log cabin. Mostly in northern states, log cabins are common in tall treed forrest. Log cabins are progressively getting bigger over time.

Pop Shelter- One example of pop culture shelter is the common two story house. Consisting of two bedroom widows at the front of the house, many people live in one. It is everywhere throughout the US. Many neighborhoods will have the the floor plan of a two story house for the entire neighborhood. Another pop culture shelter in the US is the apartment. Throughout the US apartment complexes are bursting at the seams for more buildings. A real world example can be all the new apartments getting build just down the road from our school.


Folk Technology- One folk culture of technology is the ban of technology. This is mostly in the Amish society. Another example of technology is horse and buggy. While the most common form of transportation in the US in cars, small societies like the Amish use this form of transportation trying to preserve their culture.

Pop Technology- An example of pop technology is the use of cell phones. Companies are making millions by producing cell phones. Once a new one is made, everyone must have it. It spreads like a wildfire throughout the entire US. An example of this is the iPhone 6. Second, gaming consoles are another pop culture trend in society. Just like cell phones, everyone must have the newest version as soon as it comes out. Gaming has become very popular in society. Once a new console comes out, just like cell phones, it hits the headlines alerting everyone to get the new and improved.


Folk Beliefs- The Apache is an example of folk beliefs. They are a small Indian tribe with their own set of belief systems and do not accept any other beliefs. Another example is the Amish in Pennsylvania. Again, they have a strict belief system to preserve their culture such as technology bans.

Pop Beliefs- One example of pop beliefs is the practice of Christianity. Over half the population in the US practices this. Not only that but about 1 third of the entire world population(7.4 billion) practices this as well. Freedom is another pop culture belief in the US. This is what this country and the government is based off of. The constitution grants rights and freedom to any US legal citizen.


Ping (Sudan) vs Ped (USA)



Literacy Rate: 71.9%

Female Pop with secondary education: 12.8%

Dependence Ratio of Population: Under 15 – 72.06%     Older than 65 – 12.8%

Infant Mortality Rate(Per 1000 births): 49

Life expectancy at Birth: 62.06 years

Rate of Natural Increase: CBR=30   CDR= 8  RNI=22

% of pop with HIV/AIDS 15 – 49: na

Net Migration (Per 1000): -4.3%

Percent Urban: na

GNI (GDP) PPP per Capita: $3,428.12

Percent of Pop. living below $2 a day: na

% of GDP spent on education na

Population: 37.96 Million


Ranking: 5

Population: 320.05 million

Literacy Rate: 99%

Female Pop. with secondary education: 95.14%

Dependency Ratio: Younger Than 15 – 29.41% Older Than 65 – 22.25%

Infant Mortality Rate: 6 (Per 1000)

Life Expectancy at Birth: 78.94%

Rate of Natural Increase: CBR=13 CDR=8 RNI=5

% of Pop 15 – 49 with HIV/AIDS: na

Net Migration: 3.1(Per 1000)

Percent Urban: na

GNI(GDP) PPP per Capita: $52,308.38

Percent of pop Living below $2 a day: na

% of GDP spent of education: 5.62%


Pictures: Sudan




Pictures: USA





In conclusion, it is obvious that these two countries are very different. First off, Sudan has a much younger population, where as the US has a population based around middle age. I know this because of the RNI. Sudan (22) USA (5). This also shows that Sudan has a largely growing population where as the US has a growing population, just much slower. In the US, it is easier to sustain a family which lets people have less babies. In Sudan, 49 infants out of 1000 live births will die. The life expectancy is also almost 20% shorter in Sudan. Parents will have more kids there so there will be a greater chance of a family continuing its generations. I was surprised that Sudan also has a literacy rate over 70%; I thought it would be lower then that. Another big difference is the economies between these two countries. The GNI (GDP) PPP per Capita is almost a  $50,000 dollar difference. This shows that Sudan doesn’t have much money which is one big reasons why it is ranked 166 in the world.

“Frontier” Ch 11 Book Review – Chris Plummer 3A

  Hello, I’m Chris Plummer, a 15 year old Freshman at LTHS. I was born in Denver,Colorado and moved here when I was 8 years old. Since then I have not moved at all. Here it is definitely a lot warmer than Colorado! I have traveled to Mexico 3 times in different locations. I have also been to Disney World in Florida and many other states as well. When we drive to my grandma in Illinois we cross through lots of states to get there. I only speak English but I’m learning Spanish at school.

  Im reviewing chapter 11 of Maphead by Ken Jennings. The overall idea of chapter 11 is how geography/maps are changing due to the advancement of technology. “Twentieth-century map buffs absorbed in an atlas may have envisioned the page as a window into another world, but today’s maps literally act like windows, not pictures: we peer into them. We can scroll them and rotate them. We can switch them from road maps to terrain maps…” (213).

  A big game changer in maps of technology is Google Earth. Ken goes on to say that it was’t the first electronic globe but the biggest industry leader now, “with more than 700 million installations world wide” (214). Brian McClendon helped create a program called Keyhole for 3-D technology. They showed to to Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin. Short after Keyhole’s aerial imagery was on Google Maps. Finally they released Keyhole as an application called Google Earth. Demand for it became incredibly high.

  Since Google Earth is a technology product, you can’t expect it to be perfect the first time. There have been errors before. For instance, Google did’t label Taiwan as one of its provinces. Also Nicaragua’s border was misdrawn on Google Maps. There is also the problem of privacy with these type of maps. Terrorist can easily see where the locations of landmarks are or you might be taken a picture of when the Google cars drive by for street view and posted on the internet for millions to see. Another problem is that its accuracy could become so powerful people fear it might destroy the making of maps industry.

  Geotagging is another main topic in this chapter. Ken says geotagging is where a location is attached to something online. For example, YouTube and Instagram ask for a location from where the picture or video was taken. People might not think thats a big deal but it is. What if you posted a picture on vacation and people saw where you where? They could use your coordinates to find you. They could look at previous post and find your house and rob it. This creates a time of environment where anyone can know where you are all most at every moment.

  Then there is the idea of augmented reality. Well… its not really an idea anymore because small amounts of it actually exist. “”Augmented reality” is the practice of combining a real-world environment with computer generated imagery, like those yellow “first down” lines that appear and disappear during televised football games” (230). Ken explains how he thinks of augmented reality. Your in Manhattan and you pull out your smartphone. You turn on the augmented reality app. Every where you point the phone camera it there are labels on buildings. A pathway to your destination on the side walk. For rent signs on the windows of apartment buildings. Every where you angle your phone is combined with technology. Ken is caught by surprise when he finds out these kind of apps already exist. He tries a few apps but is mostly disappointed when the only thing the app shows are Starbucks and Best Buys within 5 miles of his house. But he does stay hopeful and knows that without a doubt things will change and be as good as his fantasy version.

  In my eyes I loved this chapter. The main reason is because I love learning about technology and its advancement no matter if its about maps or anything else. I do think maps combined with technology is the most interesting though. I can’t wait to see what the future brings with augmented reality. That just seems outstanding that we can create a new version of out world by improving the old one then just switch back to the normal world by the click of a button! Geotagging does worry me though. Thats why I give away the least amount of info when I post on social media. I also post vacation photos after I get back so we will be home if someone tries to rob us. This concludes my review of “Frontier” , chapter 11 of the book Maphead by Ken Jennings. Photo below.