2.This is a map of Sri Lanka and the conflict happened all throughout the country not in a specific spot.
3. The Sri Lanka conflict has been going on for 3 decades and is thought to be one of the longest civil wars in Asia. It began when the decolonization from Britain began in 1948. Due to the advantages that Great Britain gave to the Tamils. During British rule the Tamils get opportunities for a higher education and better employment opportunities. Ultimately the Sinhalese people (the 82% of the population) took charge of the government and tensions started rising. In 1983 the Tamils attack and kill 13 soldiers and the tensions between the two groups explode and the conflict begun.
4. The Tamils point of view: After the British rule ended the Tamils who were receiving better treatment started being oppressed by the Sinhalese. First the Sinhalese changed the language, then resettled some people to different areas. After that they rewrote the constitution to favor their people. They further added to that by changing the universities admission policies to make it harder for the Tamils to get a higher education. The Tamil people were not used to this kind of treatment and it the Tamil youth were being discouraged by their leaders while the Sinhalese were receiving all the credit. The Tamils were so discouraged they created the “Tamil’s Tigers” otherwise known as the (LTTE). The group was at first peaceful but due to the suppression and ignorance of the government toward the Tamils they turned into a terrorist group and in 1983 they kill 13 of the governments soldiers triggering the first anti- Tamil riot in the capitol of Sri Lanka. The Tigers wanted to be heard and in the end wanted to have a sovereign country but both groups were unwilling to compromise. The government was oppressing the Tamils and the Tamils were tired of it and wanted its views and demands to be heard out and completed.
5. The Sinhalese point of view: When the British were in charge the Tamils had many more advantages than the Sinhalese so when they got the opportunity they turned the tables around. They thought it was their right since they were the majority of the population and they wanted to have power after being oppressed for so long. They changed the whole government to make it easier for them to live and for the Tamils to suffer. When the Tamils had enough of being oppressed they formed the LTTE, a peaceful group but when the Sinhalese still ignored them they turned violent and a massive civil war erupted. The Sinhalese were to proud to compromise so after 60,000 deaths and 700,000 people internally displaced citizens the Sinhalese government finally defeated the Tamils in 2009. Even though they brought peace to their country there are still many questions about how the Tamils are still being treated unfairly.
6. I believe countries should have stepped in and forced a ceasefire and a compromise between the two groups. There should have been a supranational intervention by the UN and the conflict should not have lasted for as long as it did. Sure Norway stepped in 2002 and called in a ceasefire but it was not very effective. The conflict should either have been resolved by there being a compromise or the Tamils having a sovereign state for themselves.