The states of Armenia and Azerbaijan have been at odds since the collapse of the Transcaucasian Federation. The two new countries declared independence and claimed land but disputed over several areas including the territory known as Nagorno-Karabakh. These disputes resulted in a string of conflicts lasting from 1918 – 1921 sometimes called the Armenian and Azerbaijani War. The war ended when both countries were annexed by the USSR and Armenia and Azerbaijan remained considerably friendly under strict Soviet rule. However, protests in 1948 and again in 1964 in Armenia, resulting in the flight of many Azeris, escalated to war in 1988 just years before the collapse of the Soviet Union. The territory of Nagorno-Karabakh has a majority population of ethnic Armenians, though it is part of the Republic of Azerbaijan. In 1988, the Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh voted to secede from Azerbaijan and become part of Armenia. The Azeris in Nagorno-Karabakh were not in favor and protested while the government of Azerbaijan attempted to gain control over the situation and stop the secession. Armenia backed the vote and tried to claim Nagorno-Karabakh because they felt that they had a right to it. A ceasefire was negotiated in May 1994, yet more than 40 c. Armenia and Azerbaijan are still at war over the Nagorno-Karabakh area.
The government of Azerbaijan has attempted to maintain control over Nagorno-Karabakh because the land was historically theirs and they are unwilling to lose it without a fight. They have reported the Republic of Armenia for ethnic cleaning of Azeris and other human rights violations along the border. Azerbaijan has threatened to take Nagorno-Karabakh back by force and they maintain the strong opinion that the land is Azerbaijani, and that the Armenians do not belong in Nagorno-Karabakh.
The Republic of Armenia claims that Nagorno-Karabakh is Armenian because of the ethnically Armenian people living in the territory. They stand firm in their conviction that they should own the land and back it with the secession vote of Nagorno-Karabakh in 1988. The Republic of Armenia claims that Azerbaijan has been killing Armenians to clear the area and maintain their land for Azeris.
Both states blame the other for every border conflict.
I suggest that the UN intervenes and sets up a committee to relocate the people along the boundary and help to set up new communities and find jobs for them.They would get homes and necessities and encourage the refugees who have fled their homes to come and help build a new life. Then, I suggest that the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan be redrawn according to the new ethnic lines.