The U.S. Civil War refers to the conflict between the Northern parts of the United States of America (The Union) against the Southern parts of the United States (The Confederates) from 1861-1865. The two sides of the war were the Confederates and the Union. In a brief summary the history of the Civil War started with the fractious issues of slavery and states’ rights, and had increased as a problem when slavery extended into western territories. The North believed that slavery had become an issue and inhumane, whilst the South believed that slavery was needed for their plantations and payment. The commanders and leaders of the Union were Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, George B. McClellan, David Farragut, and most important, President Lincoln. The commanders and leaders of the Confederates were Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, Joseph E. Johnston, Stonewall Jackson, and Raphael Semmes. Hostilities began on April 12, 1861, the Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter, a fort held by Union troops in South Carolina. After this battle, the Confederates won and took the fort. President Lincoln called for every state to retake the Fort for the Union. Before all states sent troops, 4 more states joined the Confederates cause, totaling to 11 Confederate slave states. In the summer of 1862, the Union destroyed the Confederate river navy, and split the Confederacy in two at the Mississippi River after the Siege of Vicksburg. In July 1-3, 1863, the most known battle of the Civil War occurred, called the Battle of Gettysburg. During this battle, the total amount of casualties and losses was 46,000 or more, and became known as the bloodiest battle of the Civil War. It was fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, and had the largest number of casualties during the war. This battle was also considered as the turning point of the war, and ended General Lee’s attempt to invade the North. After the war, President Lincoln dedicated the Gettysburg address to the fallen Union and Confederate soldiers. After this battle, the Confederates became weaker, and lost more and more battles, eventually losing to the Union. The decisive conflict that ended the U.S. Civil War was the Battle of The Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865. General Lee was trying to retreat and regroup with his army when Union forces pursued and cut off the retreat at the Appomattox Court House. Lee tried to break through the Union lines, but failed, and had to surrender. The signing of the surrender documents was held in Wilmer McLean’s and ended the U.S. Civil War. After 4 years of combat that left over 600,000 soldiers dead, the Confederacy collapsed and slavery was abolished. During and after the Civil War, three amendments were added to the U.S. Constitution. The first amendment added was the 13th, which took away the power of states to choose whether they could have slaves or not, and provided the thought of no slavery. This amendment was added at the beginning of the war. The second amendment added was the 14th, and it defined citizenship, contained the Privileges and Immunities Clause, the Due Process Clause, the Equal Protection Clause, and dealt with Civil War issues. This was created after the war. The third amendment added was the 15th, which prohibited the denial of the right to vote, no matter what race, ethnicity, or gender.
The first actor involved in the U.S. Civil War was the Union. They wanted to abolish slavery and reduce states’ rights, therefore, creating Federal rights. They fought for the freedom of slaves and Federal rights.
The second actor involved in the U.S Civil War was the Confederacy. They wanted to allow slavery and keep states’ rights instead of not having any and the government decides. Therefore, they fought for keeping slavery and states’ rights.
My suggestion of peace would be to keep the federal government out of states business. Also, only allow slavery in some states, but with this, allow the slaves to get paid for their work, so it is like a regular job.