The Great African War was a war with Rwanda and Uganda against the Democratic Republic of Congo backed by Namibia, Zimbabwe, Angola. It began in August 1999 and ended July 2003 after killing around 5 million people. The conflict was over unresolved issues from the First Congo War.
In the First Congo War, Hutu-power groups began murdering Tutsis in 1944 which led to an estimated 2 million refugees fleeing to the Democratic Republic of Congo named Zaire at that time. In October 1996, the Congolese Banyamulenge led an uprising to force the Rwandans out of the Congo. In response, Rwandan and Ugandan armies supporting Laurent-Desire Kabila invaded the Congo and overthrew the government. In September 1997, Kabila took over as president and renamed the country the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The Second Congo War began when Kabila turned on Rwanda and Uganda by accused them of exploiting the DRC’s mineral and asking for the two countries to remove their presence in the DRC.When they refuse to leave, Kabila removed his Rwandan chief of staff and replaced him with a Congolese native. This caused tension between the two sides. Rwanda also claimed that Kabila was planning a genocide of Tutsi groups in the Kivu region. As a result, Rwanda and Uganda invaded in 1998. Forces from Namibia, Zimbabwe and Angola came to aid Kabila and temporarily halted the Rwandan and Ugandan troops. Many surrounding states stayed neutral, but urged to end violence.The war lasted for five years until the signing of the Lusaka Peace Accord in July 1999, and 5,000 UN peacekeepers were sent to monitor the situation. In 2001 President Kabila was assassinated and his son took over power. In 2002, Rwandan and Ugandan troops withdrew from the Congo due to peace deals. In December of 2002, Kabila negotiated with internal rebel groups, promising them a power-sharing interim government. This became official in April 2003 when Kabila signed a transitional constitution.
The views of Rwanda and Uganda on invading the DRC were that they wanted to overthrow Kabila and give the presidency to Tutsi who would report directly to the Rwandan president. Rwanda would then have control over the DRC and would have access to all of their minerals. Kabila and allied countries view was to stop Uganda and Rwanda from taking control over the Congo and to protect the minerals available. Kabila did not want to lose presidency and other countries were scared of the power that Rwanda would gain.
My suggestion to keep peace is for Kabila to hold up his end of the treaty and keep the power-sharing government. I also suggest that the government enforce higher countability for violent offences committed by citizens. Another thing I suggest is that the United Nations continue to work with the Congo on building the economy and reducing violence throughout the country. I also believe that the Congo should work to develop peace between Uganda and Rwanda.