PING/PED (The Republic of Moldova/Estonia)

The Republic of Moldova

Moldova is located between Ukraine and Romania, by the Black Sea.

 

Name of PING Republic of Moldova
Ranking (UN HDI) Current Year (_of 192) 114
Population aprox. 349,000,000
Literacy Rate 99% (% of population)
Gender: Female Population with at least some secondary education 93.65% (% of female population)
Dependency Ratio of Population <15 — 23.6%

>65+ — 16.42%

Infant Mortality Rate 15 (per 1000 births)
Life Expectancy at birth 68.9 years old
Rate of Natural Increase 0.0
% of Population Ages

15-49 with HIV/AIDS

 .7% (.2% male, .2% female)                     
Net Migration -5.9 (per 1000 population)
Percent Urban 49.12% (% of population)
GNI (GDP) PPP per capita $4146.33
Poverty: Percent of Pop living below $2 US per Day 10.9% (% of population)
%of GDP spent on education 8.58%
The Moldovan economy is heavily dependent on the export of wine.

Estonia

Estonia is located on the Baltic sea, north of Latvia and south of Finland.

 

Name of PED Estonia
Ranking (UN HDI) Current Year (_of 192) 33
Population 129,000,000
Literacy Rate 99.8%
Gender: Female Population with at least some secondary education 100%
Dependency Ratio of Population <15 __24.67____

>65+ __28.16___

Infant Mortality Rate 3 (per 1000 live births)
Life Expectancy at birth 74.44
Rate of Natural Increase -.1%
% of Population Ages

15-49 with HIV/AIDS

n.a.
Net Migration 0
Percent Urban 69.59 (% of population)
GNI (GDP) PPP per capita 24,194.65
Poverty: Percent of Pop living below $2 US per Day n.a.
%of GDP spent on education 5.68 (% of GDP)
An image of Estonia’s capital Tallinn’s beautiful old town.

In conclusion, Moldova and Estonia are more similar than I first expected. Both have very high literacy rates, and have very high gender equality. Although Moldova is one of the poorest countries in Europe, partly because of the economic pressure placed on it by Russia, it is evident that they are actually more developed then would be expected for a country with a UN HDI ranking  of 114. Moldova actually spends a higher % of their GDP on education (8.58%) than Estonia (5.68%).  Both countries have strong infrastructure, universal equality, and the grounds for a strong education system. So what makes these countries so different. The separating factor in the two countries is their economies. The difference in these two countries GNI PPP per capita is over $20,000. Additionally more than 1/10 of people in Moldova live below $2 a day. If Moldova was able to remedy this, they would be well on their way to becoming a developed country.

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